The most commonly used species

HARDWOOD AND TROPICAL SPECIES

Species without sapwood for use without treatment Origin Density average kg/m3 (H=15%) Type 1 Suitability for use classes Type 2 Suitability for use classes Durability class (NBN-EN 350-2 Resistance to metropolitan termites Hardness Stability Maximum width/thickness ratio Minimum nominal thickness (mm) Comments
3a 3b 4 3a 3b 4
West Indian mahoganySwietenia macrophylla AL 550 2 S Change in colour in contact with iron and copper in humid environments
AformosiaPericopsis elata AF 700 1/2 S
Afzelia/DoussieAfzelia bipidensis AF 800 Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes 1 D C S 6 19 Degrease surfaces before finishing. Risk of run-off
AmaranthPeltogyne spp. AL 850 Yes Yes No Yes Yes No 2/3 M C MS
Angelim pedra/SapupiraHymenolobium spp. AL 750 2 MS
AzobéLophira alata AF 1050 Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes 1/2 D D PS 4 50 Limited use due to risk of warping
Balau/BangkiraiShorea laevis AS 950 Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes 2/3 D C MS 6 19 Considerable variability of aspect and density.
Basralocus/AngeliqueDicorynia guianensis AL 750 Yes Yes No Yes Yes No 2 M C MS 6 21
BilingaNauclea diderrichii AF 750 Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes 1 D C MS 5 27 Risk of warping.
BosséGuarea cedrata & Guarea laurentii (light bossé) Guarea thompsonii (dark bossé) AF 600 2 S Exudation of resin possible with G.c.
BubingaGuibourtia demeusii AF 850 2 MS Risk of warping.
ChestnutCastanea sativa EU 600 Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes No 2 M B MS 5 22
Sessile or pedunculate oak)Quercus petraea or robur EU 700 Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes No 2 M C MS 5 22 Darkens in contact with iron, in human environment.
CumaruDipteryx spp. AL 1070 Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes 1 D D MS 6 19 KD (Kiln dried)
FramireTerminalia ivorensis AF 550 2/3 Darkens in contact with iron, in human environment.
Gonçalo alves/MuiracatiaraAstronium spp. AL Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes D C MS 5 19 KD (Kiln dried)
IpéTabebuia spp. AL 1050 Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes 1 D D S 7 19
IrokoMilicia spp. AF 650 Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes No 1/2 D C MS 5 21 Darkens in contact with iron, in human environment.
ItaubaMezilaurus itauba AL 850 Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes 1 D C MS 5 19
JarrahEucalyptus marginata AS AU 800 1 MS
JatobaHymenaea courbaril AL 900 Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes No 2 M D MS 5 19 KD (Kiln dried)
KapurDryobalanops spp. AS 700 Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes 1/2 M B MS 6 19
KarriEucalyptus diversicolor AU AS 880 2 MS
KeruingDipterocarpus spp. AS 800 3 MS
KosipoEntandrophragma candollei AF 650 2/3 S
Louro gamelaOcotea rubra AL 660 2 MS
MassarandubaManilkara spp. AL 1050 Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes 1 D D PS 5 21 Risk of splitting and warping.
MakoreTieghemella heckelii AF 660 1 S
Meranti, Dark RedShorea spp. AS 680 2/3 S
MerbauIntsia spp. AS 800 Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes 1/2 M D S 7 19 Degrease surfaces before finishing. Risk of significant run-off
MoabiBaillonella toxisperma AF 850 Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes 1 D C MS 6 19
MovinguiDistemonanthus benthamianus AF 700 3 S
NiangonHeritiera utilis and H. densiflora AS 700 3 S Degrease surfaces before finishing.
OkanCylicodiscus gabunensis AF 910 1 MS
PadoukPterocarpus soyauxii AF 750 Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes 1 D C S 6 19
Panga-PangaMillettia stuhlmannii AF 850 2 S
Black locustRobinia pseudoacacia EU 750 Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes/No 1/2 D C PS 4 22 Very rare in great lengths and widths.
SapelliEntandrophragma cylindricum AF 650 3 S
SipoEntandrophragma utile AF 650 2/3 S
TaliErythrophleum spp. AF 900 Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes 1 D D MS 4 27 KD (Kiln dried)
TatajubaBagassa guianensis AL 800 Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes 1/2 D C PS 5 21 KD (Kiln dried)
TeakTectona grandis AS 650 Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes 1 M B S 6 19 The durability of plantation teak (AF, AL) varies from 2 to 3. Degrease the surfaces before finishing.
TiamaEntandrophragma candollei AF 550 3 S Risk of warping.
TolaGossweilerodendron balsamiferum AF 500 2/3 S Degrease surfaces before finishing.
WengeMillettia laurentii AF 850 2 S

RESINOUS SPECIES

Species without sapwood for use without treatment Origin Density average kg/m3 (H=15%) Type 1 Suitability for use classes Type 2 Suitability for use classes Durability class (NBN-EN 350-2 Resistance to metropolitan termites Hardness Stability Maximum width/thickness ratio Minimum nominal thickness (mm) Comments
3a 3b 4 3a 3b 4
Douglas/Oregon pinePseudotsuga menziesii EUAN 550 Yes Yes No Yes No No 3 S B MS 6 20 Degrease wood rich in resins before finishing.
Douglas/Oregon pinePseudotsuga menziesii (treated for use in class 3b) EUAN 550 Yes Yes No Yes No No 3 D A MS 6 20 Degrease wood rich in resins before finishing.
SprucePicea abies EU 450 4 S Degrease surfaces before finishing. Risk of run-off
HemlockTsuga spp. (treated for use in class 4) Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes S A MS 6 20
European larchLarix spp. EU 600 Yes Yes No Yes No No 3/4 S B MS 6 20 Degrease wood rich in resins before finishing. Risk of warping.
Maritime pine Pinus pinaster (treated for use in class 4) EU Yes Yes Yes Yes No Yes D B MS 6 20
Scots pinePinus sylvestris (treated for use in class 4) EU 500 Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes D A MS 6 20
Western red cedarThuya plicata AN 370 Yes Yes No Yes Yes No 2 S <A S 6 27 Poor superficial hardness (denting).
Yellow pinePinus spp. AN 540 3 S Degrease wood rich in resins before finishing.